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History of Neanderthals Revealed with DNA Sequence


The first complete genome of a Neanderthal has been sequenced from a 38,000 year old Neanderthal bone. The complete mitochondria genome provides a new avenue of study into the lives of Neanderthals, which have been the topic of great scientific curiosity since the first partial hominid skeleton was found in the Neander Valley of Germany in 1856.

Neanderthals share 99.5% of the genetic structure of humans and yet the result of the genetic study showed that Neanderthals appeared to have lived in small isolated groups and did not interbreed with humans, as reported in Science Daily.

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